Grapheus, Cornelius was born in 1482 at Aalst in Flanders. He was secretasy of the city of Antwerp, and in 1520 published a translation of Goch's De libertate christiana, with a Preface, in which he severely ensured the condition of the Roman Catholic Church. He was consequently arrested (1521), imprisoned at Brussels, compelled to recant, and deposed from his ofice. The later years of his life he spent in literary retirement at Antwerp, sympathizing with reformatory movements, without, however, daring to be their avowed champion. He died at Antwerp December 19, 1558. — Herzog, Real-Encykl. 19:577.