Gergesene (Γεργεσηνός), a reading (Γεργεσηνῶν) found in the Received Text (with many fragmentary uncial and other MSS.) in the account of the expulsion of the swine by our Lord (Mt 8:28), instead of Gadarene (Γαδαρηνῶν, as Tischendorf, with several of the earliest and many later MSS.), or Gerasene (Γερασηνῶν, so Lachm. with most of the cursive MSS. and several versions), or even Gazarene (Γαζαρηνῶν, so the Codex Sinaiticus). In the parallel passages (Mr 5:1; Lu 8:26) the readings are different, but equally disputed (R.T. Γαδαρηνῶν, with by far the greatest weight of authority; Lachm. and Tisch. Γερασηνῶν, with אּ[in Mark only, in Luke Γεργεσηνῶν, B, etc.). It is evident that the evangelists did not write the same name; and we may therefore suppose that the exact spot was one on the immediate lake shore, within the bounds of the region indifferently known by either of the general names Gadara or
Gerasa; or if "Gergesenes" be retained, it may refer to the ancient territory of the Girgashites (q.v.), in the same neighborhood. SEE GERASENE.