Gerberon Gabriel, an indefatigable Benedictine author, was born at St. Calais, in the province of Maine, France, August 12, 1628. He became a Benedictine in the congregation of St. Maur in 1649. After teaching theology with reputation for several years, he declared himself in favor of Jansenism, and for this he was ordered to be arrested in 1682 by Louis XIV. He escaped to Holland, and in 1703 was seized hey the bishop of Mechlin and imprisoned at Amiens, and afterwards at Vincennes, for no crime but following strictly the Augustinian theory of grace. He died at the abbey of St. Denis, March 29, 1711. His chief work is the Histoire Generale du Jansenisme (General Historyr of Jansenism, Amsterd. 1703, 3 volumes, 12mo), but he wrote very largely also on the Jansenist and other controversies. — Herzog,
Real-Encyclop. 5:31; Hook, Eccles. Biog. 5:299; Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Gener. 20:194 sq.