Garrison denoted by four or five Heb. words from the root נָצִב, natsab', to stand firm or erect (i.q. יָצִב),
1. מִצָּב matstsab' (fem. מִצָּבָה, matstsabah', 1Sa 14:12), a station, i.e., lit. a standing-place (e.g. where the priests stood in Jordan, "place," Jos 4:3,9); hence a military or fortified post (e.g. the Philistine camp, 1Sa 13:23; 1Sa 14:1,4,6,11-12,15; 2Sa 23:39); metaph. an office or public "station" (Isa 22:19).
2. מֻצָּב, mutstsab', a cordon of troops ("mount," Isa 29:3; perhaps also "pillar," Jg 9:6).
3. נצִַיבּ, netsib', properly a praefect or superintendent ("officer," 1Ki 4:19; 2Ch 8:10); hence a military post (1Sa 10:5; 1Sa 13:3-4; 2Sa 8:6,14; 1Ch 11:16; 1Ch 18:13; 2Ch 17:2); also a monumental "pilla" (q.v.) or cippus (e.g., a statue of salt, Ge 19:26; a sense in which some take the word also in 1Sa 10:5; 1Sa 13:3, like the stelae erected by Sesostris in conquered countries in token of subjugation, Herod. 2:102, 106).
4. An improper rendering, Eze 26:11, of מִצּבָה, smatstsebah', which always designates a standing object, either an architact-tsal or monumental column (usually rendered "pillar;" in the passage of Ezekiel perhaps referring to those of the Tyrian temples; comp. Herod. 2:14), or an idolatrous "image" (q.v.). SEE FORTIFICATION.