Gardiner, Frederic a Protestant Episcopal minister, was born at Gardiner, Me., Sept. 11, 1822. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1842; became rector of Trinity Church, Saco, Maine, in 1845; of St. Luke's, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1847; of Grace Church, Bath, Maine, from 1848 to 1853; of Trinity Church, Lewiston, in 1855-56; in 1865 professor of the literature and interpretation of Scripture in the Protestant Episcopal Seminary, Gambier, Ohio; in 1867 assistant rector at Middletown, Connecticut; in 1869 professor in Berkeley Divinity School at the same place, and continued to be such until his death, July 17, 1889. He wrote, The Island of Life, an Allegory (1851): — Commentary on the Epistle of St. Jude (1856): — Harmony of the Gospels in Greek (1871): — Harmony of the Gospels in English (eod.): — Diatessaron: The Life of Our Lord in the Words of the Gospels (eod.): — Principles of Textual Criticism (1876): — The Old and New Testaments in their Mutual Relations (1885). He also wrote Leviticus, in the American edition of Lange, and Second Samnuel and Ezekiel in bishop Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. See Appletons' Cyclop. of Amer. Biography..