Galluppi Pasquale

Galluppi Pasquale, an Italian philosopher, was born at Tropea, in Calabria Ultra, April 2, 1770, and died at Naples in November, 1846. The groundwork of his education was laid at Tropea under the instructions of J.A. Ruffa, and he afterwards completed his studies at the University of Naples, in which institution he subsequently became professor, of philosophy. In his. writings he combated the philosophical doctrines in vogue in the 18th century, and strove to reestablish Italian philosophy on its old bases, recognizing in man's nature a double element, the spiritual and material, in accord with the philosophy of the Church fathers. His first work, a pamphlet, dated 1807, on Analysis and Synthesis, sets forth his philosophical method. Shortly after it he published his Essay on Knowledge, in four books, treating (1) of knowledge, (2) of the analysis of the faculties of the human mind, (3) of the analysis of ideas, and (4) of the legitimate reasons of our judgments and our errors. His Saggio Filosofico sulla critica della conoscenza (Naples, 1819, 6 volumes, 8vo) contains an examination of the principal doctrines of ideology, Kantianism, and the transcendental philosophy. His Elements of Philosophy (Elementi di Filosofia, Messina, 1832) treats successively of pure logic, psychology, mixed logic, and morals, and has been often reprinted. In 1827 Galluppi published twelve Letters on Philosophy (Lettere filosofiche sulle Vicende della Filosofia, etc.), of which a 2d edition appeared in 1838, and a French translation by Peisse in 1844. His other works are, Filosofia della Volonta (Naples, 1835-42, and Milan, 1845): — Considerazioni filosofiche sull' Idealismo transcendentale e sul Razionalismn assoluto (Naples, 1841; Milan, 1846): — Lezioni di Logica e di Metafisica (Naples, 1842, 5 volumes): — Storia della Filosofia (Naples, 1842): — Elementi di Teologia Naturale (Naples, 1844, 4 volumes). — Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, 19:334-5. (J.W.M.)

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