Gabler Johann Philipp
Gabler Johann Philipp, a German theologian, was born June 4, 1753, at Frankfort on the Maine. He studied at the gymnasium of his native city for ten years; then at the University of Jena from 1772 to 1778, under Griesbach and Eichhorn, from whom he received his theological and literary bias. In 1785 he was made professor of theology at Altdorf, and in 1804 he was called to Jena as second to Griesbach, whose place he filled after Griesbach's death in 1812. Here he achieved great distinction, both as teacher and writer, and he was five times chosen prorector of the university. In theology he was an extreme Rationalist. He died February 17, 1827. He wrote Entwumf einer Hermeneutik des N.T. (Altdorf, 1788): — Hist.-krit. Einleitung ins N.T. (Altdorf, 1789). He is known chiefly by his edition of Eichhorn's Urgeschichte (Altdorf, 1790-93, 2 volumes), and the appendix he wrote to it (Versuch fiber d. Mosaische Schopfungsgeschichte, Altdorf, 1795). From 1791 to 1800 he edited the Neuestes theologisches Journal (begun by Ammon, Hiinlein, and Paulus); from 1800 to 1804 the Journal f. theol. Literatur; 1805 to 1811, the Journal f. auserlesene theol. Literatur. A collection of his essays was published by his sons in 1831 (Ulm, 2 vols.).-
Saintes, Hist. of Rationalisn, book 1, chapter 11; Herzog, Real-Encyklop. 4:632; W. Schroter, Erwin nerungen an J.P. Gabler (Jena, 1827).