Furrow (גַדוּד, gedud', an incision, e.g. in the soil, Ps 65:10; מִעֲנָה; maanah', a tilling with the plough, Ps 129:3; תֶּלֶם, to'lem, Job 31:38; Job 39:10; Ho 10:4; Ho 12:11, a ridge, as rendered Ps 65:10; עֲרוּגָה, ar-gahc' Eze 17:8,10, a bed is a garden, as rendered Song 5:13; Song 6:2), an opening is the ground made by a plough or other instrment (Ps 65:13; Ho 10:4,15). Roberts, on Job 31:38, "If my land try against me, or that the furrows likewise, thereof complain," observes that similar proverbs are common among the Hinduis. SEE AGRICULTURE.

In Ho 10:10, the text has עיֹנֹתָם, i.e., עֵנֹתָם, their [two] eyes, which the A.Vers. seems to have pointed עוֹנֵתָם; and even thus it will hardly bear their rendering, "these [two] furrows" (as if from עָנָה, to till, the same root as in the second Hebrew word above); but the margin, with all the versions (Davidson's Hebrew Text, page 125), has עֲונֹוֹתָם, their [two] iniquities, referring to the golden calves at Dan and Bethel (Henderson, Comment. ad loc.). SEE CALF, GOLDEN.

Definition of furrow

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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