Footstool (spec. כֶּבֶשׁ, ke'besh, something trodden upon; Sept. ὑποπόδιον v.r. ἐνδεδυμένοι, Vulg. scabellum, 2Ch 9:18). Where sitting is referred to in Scripture, it is frequently spoken of as a posture of more than ordinary state, and means sitting on a throne, for which a footstool was necessary, both in order that the person might ascend to it, and for supporting the legs when he was placed in it (2Ch 9:18). The divine glory which resided symbolically in the holy place, between the cherubim above the ark of the covenant, is supposed to use the ark as a foot-stool (1Ch 28:2; Ps 99:5; Ps 132:7). So the earth is called God's foot-stool by the same expressive figure which represents heaven as his throne (Ps 110:1; Isa 66:1; Mt 5:35). We find, on the paintings in the tombs of Egypt, as well as on the Assyrian monuments, frequent representations of their Akings sitting on a throne or chair of state, with a foot-stool. SEE THRONE. The common manner of sitting in the East is upon a mat or carpet spread upon the ground or floor, with the legs crossed. Many of the Turks, however, through European intercourse, attempt to sit upon chairs. SEE DIVAN.

Bible concordance for FOOTSTOOL.

Definition of footstool

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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