(מִצרֵŠ, matsreph'), a crucible or melting-pot (Pr 17:3; Pr 27:21). SEE METALLURGY. The use of these for reducing gold was familiar to the ancient Egyptians " Much cannot, of course, be expected from the objects found in the excavated tombs to illustrate the means employed in smelting the ore, or to discloses any of the secrets they possessed in metallurgy; and little is given in-the paintings beyond the use of the blow- pipe, the forceps, and the mode of concentrating heat by raising cheeks of metal round three sides of the fire in which the crucibles were placed. SEE FURNACE. Of the latter, indeed, there is no indication in these subjects, unless it be in the accompanying woodcut; but their use is; readily suggested, and some which have been found in Egypt are preserved in the museum of Berlin. They are nearly five inches in diameter at the mouth, and about the same is- depth, and present thee ordinary form and appearance of those used at the present day" (Wilkinson, Anc. Eg. abridgm. ii, 138). SEE HANDICRAFT.

Definition of fining

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