Ferrand, Louis a French Orientalist. He was born at Toulon October 3, 1645, and was educated in his native city and at Lyons, where he studied Hebrew and other Oriental languages. At twenty he went to Paris, and soon after to Mayence, to undertake a translation of the Hebrew Bible. This project not. succeeding, he returned to France, studied law, and was received as advocate in the Parliament of Paris. He, however, occupied himself much less with his new profession than with controversial writings, and works on the history of the East. He died Mar. 11, 1699. His -works are, Conspectus see Synopsis libri hebraici qui inscribitur Annales Regum Franciae et reagum domus Othomanicae (Paris, 1670, 8vo):-Reflexions sur la Religion Chretienne, contenant les propheties de Jacob et de Daniel sur la venue du Messie, etc. (Paris, 1679, 2 vols. 12mo):-Liber Psalmorum, cum argumentis, paraphrasi et annotationibus (Paris, 1683, 4to):-Traiti de l' Eglise contre les heretiques at princpalement contra les calvinistes (Paris, 1685, 12s-o):-Reponse a l'Apologie pour la Reformation, pour les reformateurs et pour les reformes (Paris, 1685, 12mo) :-Psaumes de David en latin et en francais selon la Vulgate (Paris, 1686, l2mo):-Lettre a Mgr I' eveque de Beauvais sur le Monsachisme de saint Augstin (Journal des Savants) :-Discours ou l' on fait voir que saint Augustin a ete moine (Paris, 1689, 12mo)': -Summa Biblica seu dissertationes prolegomenicae de Sacra Scriptura (Paris, 1689, 12mo). -Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, 17:488.