Euthymius Zigabeinus

Euthymius Zigabeinus (or ZIGADENUS), a Greek monk and theologian of the 12th century. He lived in the time of the emperor Alexius Comnenus (about A.D. 1120), and was his intimate friend. Of his life little is known, except from the Alexias of Anna Comnena (lib. 15), who praises his talent and scholarship. The following writings of his have been pubished:,

1. Πανοπλία δογματική, Panoplia Dossatica, against all heresies, written by the order of Alexius Camnenus, and divided into two parts and 24 sections each treating of a heresy. It consists chiefly of digested extracts from preceding writers. A Latin translation of it was published by Zinus (Venice, 1555, fol.; reprinted at Lyons, 1556 and 1580, 8vo); also in Bibl. Patrum (Lyons), 19:This translation omits the 12th and 13th titles "against the Pope and the Italians." The Greek original was published at Tergovist, in Wallachia (1710, fol.), and is very rare. It omits the last title, which is contained in Sylburg's Saracenica, pages 1-54.

2. Victoria et triumphus de sepia Massalianorum secta, etc. (Victory and Triumph over the impious, manifold, and execrable sect of the Messalians, etc.), together with fourteen anathemas against them; edited, Gr., with Latin version and notes, by Tollius, in his Insignia Itineris Italici (Traject. ad Rhen. 1696, 4to); also in Gahlandii Bibl. Patr. 14:293.

3. Commentarius in Psalmos (Commentary on all the Psalms of David); Latin version by Saulus (Verona, 1530, fol.; often reprinted); also (Gr. and Lat.) in Theophylacti Opera Omnia, volume 4 (Venet. 1763, fol.).

4. A Commentary on the four Gospels, his most important work compiled from St. Chrysostom and other fathers; Latin version by J. Hentenius (Louvain, 1544, fol.; Paris, 1547, 1560, and 1602, 8vo); best edit. by C.F. Mattheei, Gr. and Lat. (Lips. 1792, 4 volumes). The work is still considered one of great value. See Matthasei's preface for full notices of Euthymius, and for the judgments of the learned concerning his writings. Many of his writings yet remain in MS. All his published works are given in Migne, Patrologia Graeca, volumes 128-131, Fabricius, Bibl. Graeca, ed. Harles, 8:328 sq.; Cave, Hist. Lit. (Genev. 1720), 1:567; Oudin, Script. Eccl. 2:979; Lardner, Works, v. 164; Ullmann, in Theol. Stud. u. Krit. 1833, page 647 sq.

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