Engrave (פָּתִח, pathach', to open, hence [in Piel] to carve or grave, whether on wood, gems, or stone; thrice חָרָשׁ, charash', Ex 28:11; Ex 35:35; Ex 38:23, elsewhere artificer in general; έντυπόω, 2Co 3:7). The latter term, חָרָשׁ, so translated in the A.V., applies broadly to any artficer, whether in wood, stone, or metal: to restrict it to the engraver in Ex 35:35; Ex 38:23, is improper: a similar latitude must be given to the other term פַּתֵּחִ, which expresses the operation of the artificer; in Zec 3:9, ordinary stone-cutting is evidently intended. The specific description of an engraver was חָרִשׁ אֶבֶן (Ex 28:11), lit. a stone- graver, and his chief business was cutting names or devices on rings and seals; the only notices of engraving are in connection with the high-priest's dress, — the two onyx-stones, the twelve jewels, and the mitre-plate having inscriptions on them (Ex 28:11,21,36). The previous notices of signets (Ge 38:18; Ge 41:42) imply engraving. The art was widely spread throfighout the nations of antiquity (For. Quar. Rev. 26:32, 27:40), particularly among the Egyptians (Diod. 1:78; Wilkinson, 3:373), the Ethiopians (Her. 7:69), and the Indians (Von Bohlen, Indien, 2:122). SEE GRAVING.

Bible concordance for ENGRAVING.

Definition of engrave

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

Topical Outlines Nave's Bible Topics International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online King James Bible King James Dictionary

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