Eli'ada (Hebrews Elyada', אֶליָדָע, whom God has known), the name of three men.
1. (Sept., in Kings, Ε᾿λιδαέ, and repeated, Βααλιμάθ; in Chron. Ε᾿λιαδά, v.r. Ελιέδα; Vulg. Elioda, E`iada.) One of David's sons; according to the list, the youngest but one of the family born to him after his establishment in Jerusalem (2Sa 5:16; 1Ch 3:8). B.C. post 1033. From the latter passage it appears that he was the son of a wife and not of a concubine. In 1Ch 14:7, the name appears in the form of בּעֶליָדָע, BEELIADA SEE BEELIADA (q.d. whom the Master has known; see Simonis, Onomast. page 460; בּעֶל being the Syriac form of בִּעִל, Lord). This curious reading of the Masoretic text is not, however, indisputable; De Rossi's Cod. 186 (prima manu) reads idyla, the Sept. Ε᾿λιαδέ, and the Peshito Elidaa.: On the strength of these authorities, De Rossi (after Dathius, Lib. Hist. V.T. page 654) pronounces in favor of assimilating this passage to the other two, and refers to the improbability of David's using the names אל and בּעל promiscuously (see De Rossi's Var. Lect. V.T. Hebraicae, 4). We must not, however, in the interest of careful criticism, too hastily succumb to arguments of this kind. As to MSS., the four or five which Kennicott adduces all support the text of 1Ch 14:7; the authority of the Sept. is neutralized by Codd. Alex. and Frid. August., the former of which has Βαλλιαδά, and the latter Βαλεγδαέ, evidently corroborating the Masoretic text, as does the Vulg. Baaliada. As to the difficulty of David's using a name which contained lib for one of its elements, it is at least very doubtful whether that word, which literally means master, proprietor, husband, and is often used in the earlier Scriptures inoffensively (see Gesenius, Thes. page 224), in David's time had acquired the bad sense which Baal-worship in Israel afterwards imparted to it. It is much to the present point that in this very chapter (verse 11) David does not object to employ the word lib in the name Baal- perazim, in commemoration of a victory vouchsafed to him by the Lord (see 2Sa 5:20, where the naming of the place is ascribed to David himself). It is possible that this appellation of his son might itself have had reference to that signal victory. The name appears to be omitted by Josephus in his list of David's family (Ant. 7:3, 3), unless he be there called Elien (Ε᾿λιήν).
2. (Sept. £דאעל, v.r. Ε᾿λιαδαὲ; Vulg. Eliada.) Apparently an Aramite of Zobah, the father of Rezon, which latter was captain of a marauding band that annoyed Solomon (1Ki 11:23, where the name is Anglicized "Eliadah"). B.C. ante 975.
3. (Sept. Ε᾿λιαδά, Vulg. Eliada.) A mighty man of war (גַּבּוֹר חִיַל), a Benjamite, who led 200,000 (?) archers of his tribe to the army of Jehoshaphat (2Ch 17:17). B.C. 945. SEE JEHOSHAPHAT.