Dyothelites (δυοθελῆται), a name given to those orthodox Christians in the 7th century who held that there were two wills in Christ, a divine and a human, in opposition to the Monothelites (q.v.). The sixth ecumenical council (i.e., the third (Ecumenical Council of Constantinople), called by the emperor Constantine Pogonatus in A.D. 680, asserted the doctrine of two wills in Christ in the following terms: "Two wills and two natural modes of operation united with each other, without opposition or change, so that no antagonism can be found to exist between them, but a constant subjection of the human will to the divine." The champions of monothelism were anathematized, as well, as the patriarchs of Constantinople and the pontiff Honorius. The monothelite doctrine was placed in the ascendency in 711, but two years later Anastasius II ascended the throne and established dyothelism, whereupon the monothelites fled the country.

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