Duran the name of a family originally of Provence, afterwards settlers in Spain, and ultimately in Algiers, which produced several men who are regarded as ornaments to Rabbinical learning. Simeon Duran, 1391, wrote a Commentary on Job, with an introduction on the principles upon which it should be expounded (Ven. 1590); and Salomon, who died 1467, distinguished himself as a zealous apologist for Judaism. His brother Zemach is the author of a body of epistles, Shealoth vateshuvoth, on various subjects in Talmudic law and metaphysical philosophy (Livorno, 1782), and of several other Rabbinical works. Etheridge, Introd. to Hebrew Literature (London. 1856), page 289.