Downinig, Calybute an English divine, was born in 1606, and. in 1623 became a commoner of Oriel College, Oxford. After entering into orders he held the vicarage of Hackney, near London, with the parsonage of Hickford, in Buckinghamshire. He joined the parliamentary party, became a great promoter of their designs, and in a sermon preached before the artillery company, September 1, 1640, delivered this doctrine: "That for the defence of religion and reformation of the Church, it. was lawful to take up arms against the king." After this he became chaplain to lord Roberts's regiment, and in 1643 was one of the assembly of divines. He died in 1644. His writings are scarce. See Chalmers, Biog. Dict. s.v.; Allibone, Dict. of Brit. and Amer. Authors, s.v.