Deyling Salomon, a German theologian, was born Sept. 14, 1677, at Weida, in Voigtland. He struggled amid poverty to gain his elementary education, and completed his studies at the University of Wittenberg, where he became master in 1699.
In 1703 he became adjunct in the faculty of philosophy, and in 1710 doctor in theology. In 1716 he was made general superintendent at Eisleben, in 1720 pastor in the Nicolaikirche at Leipsig, and during the rest of his life was professor of theology there. He died August 5, 1755. He wrote Dissert. de corrupto Ecclesice Romanae statu ante Lutherum, etc. (Wittenberg, 1734, 4to); Observationes Sacrce (Leips. 1735-39, 3d edit. 5 vols. 4to), containing illustrations and critical remarks upon difficult parts of Scripture; also Observationes Miscellanex (Leips. 1736, 4to), on questions of exegesis and Church history; Observationum Sacrarum pars v (Leips. 1748, 4to). For a list of his writings (39 in number), see Doering, Die gelehrten Theologen Deutschlands, 1:322.