Cyprian, Ernst Solomon

Cyprian, Ernst Solomon a Lutheran theologian of Germany, was born September 22, 1673, at Ostheim, in Franconia. He studied at Jena and Helmstadt, was in 1699 professor extraordinarius of philosophy, and in 1700 rector of the gymnasium academicum at Coburg. In 1713 he was called to Gotha as member of consistory, became vice-president in 1735, and died September 19, 1745. He was one of the few defenders of Lutheran orthodoxy during the 18th century, and wrote, Historie der Augsb. Confession, (Gotha, 1730; 3d ed. 1736): — Allgemeine Anmerkungen uber Arnold's Kirchen- und Ketzer Historie (Helmstadt, 1700; 3d ed. 1701): — Dissertatio de Omophorio Episcopor. Graecorum (1698): — De Propagatione Haeresium per Cantilenas (Coburg, 1708; Jena, 1715): — Tabularium Ecclesiae Rom. sec. 16, etc. (Frankfort, 1743): — Ueberzeugende Belehrung vom Ursprung und Wachsthum des Papstthums (Gotha, 1719, etc.). See Fabricius, Historia Bibliotheca Fabricianae, 4:455; Fischer, Leben E.S. Cyprians (Leipsic, 1749); Schulze, Leben Herzog Friedrichs II, von Gotha (1851); Herzog, Real-Encyklop. s.v.; Lichtenberger, Encyclopedie des Sciences Religienses, s.v.; Doring, Die Gelehrten Theologen Deutschlands, 1:297 sq.; Winer, Handbuch der theol. Lit. 1:20, 127, 328, 381, 533, 534, 544, 614, 639, 669, 678, 737, 738, 755, 849, 860. (B.P.)

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