Curio (or CURION), COELIUS SECUNDUS, one of the Italian Reformers of the 16th century, was born at Chirico, near Turin, in 1503. He took an active part in the reformatory efforts made in Italy, and, in consequence of his teaching, was persecuted by the Roman Catholic priesthood at Milan, Pavia, and Lucca. He finally fled to Lausanne, where he became rector. Subsequently he was appointed professor of elocution at the University of Basel, in which city he died in 1569. He wrote, among others, the following works: — Pusquilli ecstatici (first edit. without year; again Geneva, 1544); Pasquillorum tomi duo (Basel, 1544); Christianae religionis institutio (Basel, 1549); De perfecto grammatico (Basel, 1555); Forum Romanum (Basel, 1561, 3 vols. fol.); Logicis Elementa (Basel, 1569); De bello Melitensi (Basel, 1567). He also published editions of several Roman classics. —Pierer, Univ. — Lex. 4:590.