Cresconius (or Crisconius)

Cresconius (or Crisconius)

is the name of several early Christian ecclesiastics:

1. Bishop of Villa Regia, in Numidia, at the end of the 4th century. He deserted his see and seized on that of Tubia, or Tubuna. The third Council of Carthage, A.D. 397, passed a decree ordering his return to his own see (can. 38), which he entirely disregarded. The secular arm was called in with as little effect. At the Council of Carthage, A.D. 401, the primate of Numidia was ordered to summon Cresconius before the next general council, and to depose him if he failed to appear (Cod. Canon. Eccl. Afric. can. 77). But no mention is made of him at the Council of Milevum, A.D. 402; and if he is the same who appears as bishop of Tubuna at the Conference of Carthage, in. 411 (Prim. Cognit. c. 21), he must have carried the day (Labbe, Concil. 2:1072, 1096, 1172, 1377; Tillemont, 13:305).

2. A monk of Adrumetum, mentioned by Augustine (Epp. 214, 215).

3. An African bishop, who, about 690, at the request of the "pontifex" Liberinus or Liberius, published a systematized collection of the apostolic canons and those of the early councils, and the decretals of the popes from Siricius to Gelasius, as an improvement upon an earlier work of the kind by Fulgentius Ferrandus. Both are printed by Migne, Patrol. 88. The .author has often been confounded with the.Latin poet Flavius Cresconius Corippus.

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