Cowper, William, an eminent Scotch divine, was born at Edinburgh in 1566. He studied at the University of St. Andrews, and in 1585 was appointed minister of Bothkenner, Sterlingshire. In 1593 he removed to Perth, where he continued until 1612, after which he was appointed bishop of Galloway. He died Feb. 15, 1619. His works breathe a spirit of cordial piety, and the simplicity and strength of his style are peculiarly worthy of commendation. Among them we remark Heaven Opened (5th ed., Lond. 1619, 4to). A collection of his works was published after his death (Lond. 1629, fol.). — Fasti. Eccles. Scot. 1:777; 2:615,693.