Colum (or Colam)
Colum (or Colam)
is the primary form of the name which becomes also Columbus, Columba, and, as a diminutive, Colman, Colmoc, Columban, and with the prefixes da and mo becomes Dacholmoc and Mocholmoc, or Mocholmog. SEE COLMAN. It appears as the proper name of Irish saints, but more or less interchangeable with the other forms.
1. Son of Aedh of Cuil-Damhain, or Cuil-Brinin, is commemorated November 8 and December 11.
2. Of Tirdaglas, is commemorated December 13. He is, often called son of Crimthainn, or of Ui Crimthainn, so that the abbots of Tirdaglas were styled the coarbs of, Colum Mac-Crimthainn. He was a pupil of St. Finian at Clonard. About A.D. 548, he founded the celebrated monastery of Tirdaglas. He died, with many other saints, of the great epidemic, about A.D. 552 (Reeves, Adamnan, pages 186, 332; Lanigan, Eccl. Hist. of Ireland, 2:71; Butler, Lives of the Saints, 12:259).
3. Cruimthir (priest) Colulm, of Domhuach-mor Maighe Imnchlair, is commemorated June 4 in the Mart. Domeg. On this day Colgan places the Columbanus or Columba, presbyter of Kill-Erain (in Meath, or Limerick), who is said to have been one of those who met St. Patrick as he returned from Rome, and received from him the skin to form the book-satchel, which remained in the Church of Kill-Ernain.
4. A priest of Enach, is commemorated September 22. Colgan places him among the disciples of St. Columba, but this is denied by Lanigan '(Eccl. Hist. of Ireland, 2:141, 407).
5. Of Inis-Cealtra, is often mentioned in Irish history, but the details of his life are lost. He had his monastery on one of the islands inh Lough Derg, now included in the parish of Innishctaltra, and called the island of seven churches. He died of the great epidemic A.D. 548, and is to be distinguished from St. Caimin (commemorated March 24) of the same place (O'Donovan, Four Masters, 1:187).
6. Of Ros-Glanda, is commemorated September 6. SEE COLIAN (4) son of Eochaidh.
7. Gobha (the Smith), is commemorated June 7. Colgane identifies Columbus Coilriginus (whose soul Columbus in Hy is said to.have seen carried by the angels to the heavenly joys for his abundant alms to the poor) with this Colum or Columbus the Smith. See Smith, Dict. of Christ. Biog. s.v.