Collation (Lat. collatio). When a bishop gives a benefice, which either he had as patron, or which came to him by lapse, he is said to "collate" to that benefice the clergyman on whom he bestows it. Where the living is not in the gift of the bishop, he is said to "institute" the clergyman to it. The word collation is also used among ecclesiastical writers to denote the spare meal on days of abstinence, consisting of bread or other fruits, but without meat. — Hook; Eden.