Claudius is the name of numerous men in early Christian history:
1. A person enumerated by Epiphanius. (Haer. 51, 427) in a list of heretics who, like the Cerinthians and Ebionites, asserted that our Lord was a mere man.
2. A monk mentioned as a companion of Epiphanius, in the life by Simeon Metaphrastes (ii, 324).
3. A martyr at Ostia under Diocletian, commemorated Feb. 18 in Usuard's martyrology. .
4. A martyr at Rome, with pope Marcellinus, April 26 A.D. 304, according to Usuard.
5. A martyr with Asterius and Neon, his brothers, at Egea in Cilicia, under a judge named. Lysias, about A.D. 303. The Latins commemorate them Aug. 23, the Greeks, Oct. 29 (see Fleury, Hist. Eccles. viii, 16).
6. Bishop of Picenum, at Rimihi, A.D. 359.
7. A martyr at Rome with Nicostratusa and others, commemorated July 7 in Usuard's martyrology.
8. Another martyr at Rome :with Nicostratus and others, commemorated Nov. 8. Compare No. 7.
9. The tribune, martyr at Rome under Numerian, commemorated Dec. 3 in Usuard's and Roman martyrologies, but Aug. 12 in that of Jerome.
10. Saint, bishop of Vienne, lived in the 4th century, and is commemorated June 1. He was present at the Council of. Nice, where was prominent in the debate concerning the Donatists.
11. A bishop who sent Augustine the books that Julian, the Pelagian, had written against him, and to whom, in A.D.-42:1 Augustine dictates and sends his answer (Epist. 207), formerly prefixed to the books against Julian.
12. Saint Claudius I was the nineteenth bishop of Besangon (Vesuntium). The lists of the old chronologists make no mention of him; but, in the year 517 he subscribed to the Council of Epaonum, signing himself "Episcopus ecclesiae Vesintionensis."
13. Saint Claudius II was twenty-ninth bishop of Besancon, and succeeded (according to the lists) St. Gervasius. The incidents of his life are very legendary, but it seems probable that from his earliest years in he was enrolled among the. clergy of Besancon; that after a novitiate in the abbey of Mt. Jura he was elected to succeed abbot Injuriosus A.D. 641 or 642, under the pontificate of pope John IV that on the death of Gervasius he was elected by the clergy of Besancon to be their archbishop; that after seven years he abdicated and returned to rule the abbey of Mt. Jura; and that he died in A.D. 696 or 699. St. Claudius, in his lifetime the oracle and model of the clergy of Besancon, became after his death one of the most popular saints of France. He is mentioned in the 9th century by Rabanus Maurus in his Martyrologium as an intercessor. He is. commemorated June 6. (Gall. Christ. xv, 17; Migne, Encycl; Theol. xl; Pattril. Lat. cx; 1149).
14. Father of St. Fuilgintius. The grandfather, Gordianus, was one of the senators driven from Carthage by Genseric, king of the Goths. Claudius and his brother returned to Africa, but found that :their houses had been given to the Arian priests. After obtaining possession of their goods, by the king's authority, they passed into Byzacene, and established themselves at Telepte. Claudius married Maria Anna, a Christian lady, and Fulgentius was born A.D. 468. Claudius died soon after.
15. Second bishop of Glandeves, succeeded Fraterlius, and was succeeded by Basilius. He is only known from having subscribed, through his representative, Benenatus, to the fourth council of Orleans, A.D. 541 (Gall. Christ. iii, 1236).
16. A letter addressed to Claudius exists in the collection of the writings of Isidore, bishop of Seville (A.D. 599-636). From internal evidences, it is believed not, to have been written by Isidore. This letter shows that the Greeks of the time believed Athanasius to be the author of the creed. which bears his name. But the uncertainty of the date deprives this evidence of vialie (Migne, Patrol. La. lxxxiii).
17. Bishop of Taurinium (Turin), advanced to .the. see before A.D. 774, and succeeded by the celebrated Claudius Clemens.
18. Said to have been bishop of Auxerre (Dempster, Menol. Scot., commemorated March 20 and March 30), but not mentioned among the bishops of that see in. Gall. Hist. (xii, 260), nor in, Gams (Series Episc.).
19. Claudius Clemens, or Claudiusῥ Clemens Scotus. SEE CLEMENS (2).
20. A martyr whose relics were translated to Rome in, 1650, together with. those of St. Pontianus, and again translated to Antwerp in 1656. Commemorated May 14.