Chil'mad (Hebrews Kilmad´ כַּלמִר , etymology unknown; Sept. Χαρμάν v. r. Χαλμάν and Χαλμάβ; Vulg. Chelmad), an Asiatic place or country mentioned, in conjunction with Sheba and Asshur, as a trading emporium with the Tyrians (Eze 27:23). The only name bearing any similarity to it is Charmande (Χαρμάνδη), a "large and flourishing" town near the Euphrates, between the Mascas and the Babylonian frontier (Xen. Anab. 1:5, 10; comp. Steph. Byz. p. 754), an identification generally adopted since Bochart (Canaan, 1:18, p. 480). Hitzig (Comment. on Ezekiel 1. c.) proposes to alter the punctuation to כּלַמֻּר, Ke-limmud´, giving the sense "Asshur was as thy pupil in commerce," as first suggested by Kimchi (in loc.). The Chaldee Targum has מָרִי, Media. For other conjectures, see Rosenmüller in loc. SEE CHALDAEA, p. 198.