Chief of Three

Chief Of Three (ראשׁ הִשָׁלַשַׁי, rosh hash-shalishi´, or rather שָׁלַשַׁים, shalishim´, the third-men), a title of Adino (q.v.) the Eznite, one of David's greatest braves (2Sa 23:8; Sept. πρῶτος τῶν τριῶν; Vulg.princeps inter trees; A. V. "chief among the captains"), otherwise called Jashobeam (1Ch 11:11, where the text again corruptly has שָׁלוֹשַׁים; shaloshim'; Sept. πρωτότοκος τῶν τριάκοντα; Vulg.princepsrinter trigthta; A.V. "chief of the captains"), and also of Abishai (2Sa 23:18, שׁלשַׁי, τριῶν, de tribus, "among three"), and Amasa (1Ch 12:18, שָׁלוֹשַׁים, τριάκοντα, inter triginta, "of the captains"). In all these passages it designates the superior officer or commander of the tristate, essarii, or warriors who fought three in a chariot, and formed the phalanx nearest the king's person (Lydius, Slyntagm. de re militali (lib. 2, 100:3, p. 39). He is also briefly called הִשָׁלַישׁ, has-Shalish´ (lit. the ternary) = id- de-camp, or general executive officer (2Ki 7:2,17,19; 2Ki 9:25; 2Ki 15:25), like the Roman "master of horse." SEE CAPTAIN.

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