Cheffontaines (in Low Breton, Penfentenion, in Latin, A Capite fontiumn), CHRISTOPHE DE, a French theologian, was born in the bishopric of Lyons about: 1532. He entered the Franciscan order, taught theology at Rome, and. was elected general of his order in 1571 , was made nominal archbishop of Ceesarea about 1586, and exercised the episcopal functions in the diocese of Sens, in the absence of the regular incumbent. Cheffontaines was therefore accused of having preached without due authority, and went to Rome to justify himself. In the space of five years he applied successively, to five popes, Sixtus V, Urban VII, Gregory XIV, Innocent IX, and Clement VIII, and finally received letters from the pontiff which imposed silence on his enemies. He. died in Rome, May: 26, 1595, leaving, La Defense de la Foi de nos Anctreas (Paris, 1570): translated by the author under the title of Fidei Major umi Nostronum Defehsio, etc. (Antwerp, 1575; Venice, 1581, 8vo):-La Pressence Reelle (Pars, 1571, 1586, 8vo):-Reiponse.Familiere a une Epitre Ecrite contre le Libre Arbitre et le'Merite des Bonnes (Euvres, etc. (ibid. 1571; 8vo); translated into Latin by the author, under the title of Consultatio Epistolse Cujusdamin contra Liberum Arbitriumn et -Merita (Antwerp, 1576, 8vo) : — Chretienne CoSnfutation du Point d'Llonneur, etc. (Paris, 1568,1571,'1579, 8vo), and some other works, including Varii Tractatus et Disputationes (ibid. 1586, 8vo), the first part of which was entered in the Index. See Biog. Universelle, s.v.'