Caussin, Nicholas, a French Roman Catholic divine, was born at Troyes, in Champagne, in 1583, aid was received in the order of the Jesuits in 1607. He taught rhetoric for a time in different colleges, and Richelieu made him confessor to Louis XIII. He died July 2, 1651. His principal work is Cour Sainte (5 vols. 12mo, The Holy Court, transl. by Sir Thomas Hawkins, Lond. 1663, fol.). It had great success from the style of its biographies and its fervid devotion. Fuller has adopted much of its style in his Holy and Profane State. Part of it was translated into Latin, under the title A vla Impia He redis (Colossians 1644, 8vo). He published also De eloquentia sacra et humana, libri 16 (7th edit. Lugd. 1651, 4to); Symbolica Aegyptiorum sapientia, nunc post varias editiones denuo edita (Par. 1647, 4to). — Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Ginerale, 9:262.