Cashel, formerly an archiepiscopal see in Ireland. This ancient see is now deprived of its metropolitan dignity, and has united to it the sees of Emly, Waterford, and Lismore; the united diocese consisting of the counties of Tipperary, Waterford, and part of Limerick. The incumbent in 1866 was Robert Daly, D.D., consecrated in 1843.

Casiph´ia (Hebrews Kasiphya´, כָּסִפיָא, perhaps from כֶּסֶŠ), silver, or whitish, if the name be not of Arian origin; Sept. so translates ἀργύριον), a "place" (מָקוֹם, i.e. region) of the Persian empire, where Levites had settled during the Captivity, whence Iddo, with others of them, were sent for by Ezra to join his party returning to Jerusalem (Ezr 8:17). Gesenius (Thesaur. p. 703) objects to the identification by some with the Caspiae Pyle, and of others with the city Kaswin, that these are not on the route from Babylon to Palestine. As this position of the place in question, however, is not clear, it is likely that, if the Caspian Sea be not designated by this name, it may refer to the "Caspian" Mountains, situated in Media (Strabo, 11, p. 522, 525; Pliny, 6:15), where Jewish exiles seem to have been located (Tobit 1:16; 3:7). This is at least favored by the rabbinical tradition, Vajikra Rabba (5:5), and is defended by Fürst (Hebrews

HandwSrt. s.v.), who adduces also the local title Albania as a coincidence with the silvery summits of the snow-capped range of Caucasus (comp. Alp, i.e. albus, "white").

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