Caryl, Joseph, a nonconformist divine of good abilities, learning, and industry, was born in London in 1602. He was for some time a commoner at Exeter College, Oxford, and preached several years with great success before the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn. Appointed one of the triers in 1653, he was ejected in 1662, and afterwards gathered a congregation in the neighborhood of St. Magnus, London Bridge. He died Feb. 7,1673. His principal work, showing great learning, if not judgment, is his Exposition, with Practical Observations on the Book of Job (Lond. 1648-66, 12 vols. 4to; 2d edit. 2 vols. fol. 1676-7), abridged by Berrie (Edinb. 1836, 8vo). — Darling, Cyclpcedia Bibliographica, 1:590; Neal, History of the Puritans, 5:17; 5:531; Calamy, Nonconformist's Memorial, 1:221.