Carroll, John, Dd
Carroll, John, D.D., first Roman Catholic archbishop in the United States, was born at Upper Marlborough, Maryland, in 1735. He was educated at St. Qmer's, France, and at the colleges of Liege and Bruges, in Belgium. In 1769 he was ordained priest, and became a Jesuit. When the order was dissolved in France he went to England, and became tutor to a son of Lord Stourton, with whom he traveled on the Continent. On the breaking out of the Revolutionary War he returned to America, and took an active part on the side of the patriots. After the close of the war, the Roman Catholic clergy in the United States requested from the pope the establishment of a hierarchy, and Mr. Carroll was appointed vice-general. He fixed his residence at Baltimore. In 1789 he was named bishop, and in the ensuing year was consecrated. In 1791 he assumed the title of bishop of Baltimore. A few years before his death he was made archbishop. He died Dec. 3, 1815.