Capharsal'ama (Χαφαρσαλαμά v. r. Χαφαρσαραμά, appar. for כּפִרשׁלָמָא, "village of peace"), a place where Nicanor's troops were cut to pieces by Judas Maccabaeus (1 Macc. 7:31). Josephus, in the parallel account (Ant. 12:10, 4), calls it a village (κώμη Καφαρσαλαμά). Reland suggests (Palest. p. 90) that it may have been the same with the Caphar Gamala (q.v.) where the presbyter Lucian was born, or the Caphar-semelia mentioned in his writings. He also adduces an allusion from the Talmud (Aboda Sara, folio 44, col. 4). to a wine-growing village, KepharSalam (כפר שלם), doubtless the same. From the fugitives in the above battle having taken refuge in the "city of David," it would appear to have been near Jerusalem; hence it is possible that it was the village near Siloam (q.v.), the Arabic name of which is Kefrselwân. Ewald places it north of Ramla, on the Samaritan boundary (Gesch. Isr. 4:368, note), but this is quite arbitrary.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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