Canz, Israel Gottlieb

Canz, Israel Gottlieb, a Protestant theologian of Germany, was born Feb. 26,1690, at Grunthal. He studied at Tubingen, and took, in 1709, the degree of doctor of philosophy. In 1720 he was deacon at Niirtingen, and was, in 1734, appointed professor of elocution at Tubingen. In 1739 he was made professor of logic and metaphysics, and in 1747 professor of. theology. He died there, Feb. 2, 1753. From the first a decided opponent of the philosophy of Wolf, he had already prepared a large volume in refutation of it, when he perceived that he had passed an unfair judgment upon it. The book, which appeared later, was in effect an eloquent commentary upon that system, which he developed in connection with his colleague Bilfinger. Then he applied this philosophy to revealed theology. In moral theology he introduced a better choice of material, and especially new points of view. He wrote, among other works, Philosophice Leibnitiance et Wolfance usus in Theologia (1728); Positiones de Vocatione Ministrorum Ecclesice (1729):-Diss. de Nexu Providentice Divince cum Litterarum Studio (1739):-Theologia Thetico-polemica (Dresd. 1741):-De jure Dei in res Creatas (1742):--Oraculum 2 Samuel 23:5 (1749):Explicatio Oraculi Psa. viii, 3 (1750):- Compendium Theologice Purioris, etc. (1752, 3d ed. 1761):— Annotationes ad Compendium (1755). See Doring, Die gelehrten Theologen Deutschlands, i, 226 sq.; Moser, Beitrag zu einem Lexicon jetzt lebender Theologen, p. 138; Bock, Gesch. der Universitit Tibingen, p. 169; Lichtenberger, Encyclopedie des Sciences Reliqieuses, s.v.; Winer, Handbuch der theol. Lit. i, 282, 297; Jocher, Allgemeines Gelehrten-Lexikon, s.v.;. Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v. (B. P.)

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