Candidianus is the name of many persons-mentioned in early Christian history.
1. A correspondent of Ambrose (Epist. 91), cir. A.D. 390.
2. A bishop who carried a letter to pope Siricius (cir. A.D. 395), and, perhaps, the same with the bearer of a letter from Victricius at Rouen to Paulinus, and to pope Innocent. He may be the same as the brother and fellow-presbyter known to Augustine by the letters of Paulinus (see Augustine, Cur. Mort. 23; Tillemont, xiii, 334).
3. Governor of Cappadocia under Julian, though a pagan, was friendly to Basil and to Gregory Nazianzen, who wrote him a letter (Epist. 194). He may be the general whose daughter, Bassianilla, was eminent for piety at the opening of the 5th century, and the friend to whom, in 404, Chrysostom wrote his letter (Epist. 42, Chrysost. iii, 633).
4. Mentioned by Olympiodorus (Photius, Bibliothec. cod. p. 80) as despatched along with Aspar to put down the usurper John at Ravenna (A.D. 423-425); perhaps the same as No. 11.
5. A deacon, A.D. 431, who carried the letter of Alypius of Constantinople to Cyril of Alexandria (Labbe, Concil. iii, 786).
6. Count of the horse-guards, sent, A.D. 431, by Theodosius II and Valentinian III to keep order at the Council of Epbesus. When, on June 22, sixteen days after Pentecost, the day appointed for the meeting of the council, the fathers grew tired of waiting for John of Antioch, and demanded to begin at once, Candidianus demurred. At last he consented to read the imperial mandate, which the council refused to obey, and drove out Candiduianus for expostulating. When the act of deposition of Nestorius was posted up, Candidiarius tore it down, sent it to the emperors, forbade the criers to proclaim it and collected the Nestorian bishops to await the arrival of John of Antioch, and form another council in opposition. SEE EPHESUS, COUNCIL OF.
7. Bishop of Antioch, in Pisidia, at the Synod of Constantinople, A.D. 449. The acts of this synod he upheld at Ephesus the same year, where he claimed to have been bred in the Catholic faith, and to have been archdeacon in the royal city. Theodoret (Epist. 147, vol. iv,' 1109) tells us that on this occasion he was accused of many adulteries and other iniquities. His name is also written Calendio.
8. A lay correspondent of Nilus, in the 5th century, who is informed by the saint why monks fasten the pallium. on the left shoulder while men of the world fasten it on the right (Nilus, ii, Epist. 245).
9. Friend or kinsman of Sidonius, addressed by him (Epist. 8) from Rome, with jests against his birthplace, Cesena, and his domicile Ravenna, in retaliation for his jests against the wintry regions of Clermont (ci-. A.D. 460).
10. A martyr who suffered by fire with Poliuctus and Filotomus, according to Florus, who gives no particulars. He was commemorated Jan. 11 (see Florus, in Bede's Martyrology).