Camus, Etienne

Camus, Etienne a French Jansenist and prelate, was born November 16, 1632. In 1660 he was already a doctor of the Sorbonne, but his unchristian walk brought on him the disfavor of Mazarin, and he was banished, Prince Conti, governor of Languedoc, however, received him, and brought him under the influence of the Jansenistic bishop, Pavillon of Alet. Louis XIV made him, in 1671, archbishop of Grenoble. In 1686 pope Innocent XI made him cardinal, and he was present, in 1700, at the conclave held at Rome for the election of Clement XI. He died in 1707. He founded a clerical seminary at Grenoble. See Gallia Christ. 15:255; Guarnacci, Hist. Pont. Rom. et Card. 1:237; Loyson, L'Assemblee de 1682, pages 188-235; Arnauld, OEuvres, 1:689 sq.; Bauer, in Wetzer u. Welte's Kirchenlexikon, s.v. (B.P.)

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