Campegio (Otherwise Campeggio, Campejus), Lorenzo
Campegio (Otherwise Campeggio, Campejus), Lorenzo, Cardinal, was born in 1474, became professor of law at Padua, and, on the death of his wife, took orders as a priest. He became auditor of the Rota, bishop of Feltri, and nuncio in Germany. Leo X elevated him to the purple. In 1524 he was legate at the Nuremberg Diet, and there and elsewhere he exerted all his skill of intrigue against the Reformation with great success. In 1528 he was sent legate to Henry VIII (who, in a former mission, had made him bishop of Salisbury) to effect some settlement of the question of the divorce. Upon this occasion he was the bearer of a bull bestowing upon Wolsey the most ample powers to effect the divorce. These powers, however, were shortly withdrawn, and Campegio returned to Rome shorn of his bishopric of Salisbury. He was a man of great talents, and intimate knowledge of the ecclesiastical law. His letters are preserved in the collection entitled Epistolarum miscellanearum Singularium Libri X (Basle, 1555, folio). There were seven prelates of this family. — Biog. Univ. 6:633. See Burnet, Hist. of Engl. Reformation, vol. in, passim.