Calvary, The

Calvary, The, a name given in Roman Catholic countries to "a representation of the various scenes of the passion and crucifixion of our Lord, either in a chapel, or external to the church, as at St. Jacques, at Antwerp. It consists of three crosses with the figures of Christ and the thieves, usually as large as life, surrounded by a number of figures, representing the various personages who took part in the crucifixion. At Aix-la-Chapelle, the Calvary is a church on the top of a hill, surrounded by twelve sculptured stones, each marking an event which took place on the journey of the Savior to Mount Calvary. The approach to the Calvary is called the. Via, - Dolorosa, each of the stones marking what is called a station, at which the pious say a prayer in passing."

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