Calder, Robert a Scottish Episcopal clergyman, was born in l650, at Elgin, in Morayshire. He was graduated from King's College, Aberdeen, in 1674, and ordained about 1680. In 1689 he was appointed to the parish of Newthorn, in the county of Berwick, but refused to acknowledge William and Mary, and was deprived of his curacy, and imprisoned for eleven months in Edinburgh jail for exercising his ministerial functions. He died in Edinburgh, May 28,1723.- He published Scotch Presbyterian Eloquence (Lond. 1693):Three Sermons (1701):-Reasons for a Toleration of the Episcopal
Clergy (Edinburgh, 1703):-'The Divine Right of Episcopacy (1705):-The Lawfulness of Set Forms of Prayer (1706):- The Genuine Epistles of Ignatius, etc. (1708):- The Nail Struck in the Head (1712) :-Remarks on the Oath of Abjuration (1712):Comparison between the Kirk and the Church of Scotland (1712; Lond. 1841):-Miscellany Relating to Rites and Ceremonies, etc. (1713) :-The Priesthood of the Old and New Testament (1716, 1717) :- Verses on King James's Death, and other works. See Fasti Eccles. Scoticance, i, 468; Rose, Gen. Biog. Diet. s.v.; Allibone, Diet. of Brit. and Amer. Authors, s.v.