Calculatores (or Cauculatores), casters of horoscopes. This term does not appear to figure in church history till the time of Charlemagne. An ecclesiastical capitulary of 789, dated from Aix-la-Chapelle, referring to the precepts of the Pentateuch against witchcraft and sorcery, enacts that ".there shall be no calculators, nor enchanters, nor storm-raisers (tempestarii), or obligatores (?); and wherever they 'are, let them amend or be condemned "-the punishment being apparently left to the discretion of the judge (c. 64). The term figures again, and in much the same company, in a similar enactment contained in certain "Capitula Excerpta" of the year 802, also dated from Aix-laChapelle (c. 40).

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