Calandar, Sharaf Bu-ali
Calandar, Sharaf Bu-Ali a Moslem fanatic, lived in the 13th century. At the age of fourteen he went to Delhi, where he was introduced to Khaja: Cuth Udin, and he was occupied for twenty years in outward science. He then pretended to have become inwardly enlightened, threw his books into the river Jemua, and travelled as a religious teacher. He founded in Asia Minor, in connection with other Mohammedan savants, a school of spiritual philosophy, under the title of Masnavi. He professed to work miracles, and his tomb is a place of pilgrimage. His death occurred, according to Hamilton (East Inidia Gazette, ii, 367), in 1323, which would give him the extreme old age of 130 years. His Fatiha was printed at Calcutta (Hidayat elIslam, p. 269). See Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.