Byfield, Adoniram a zealous "'commonwealth man," satirized by Hudibras, was the son of Rev. Nicholas Byfield. He was educated at Cambridge, became an army chaplain in 1642, and was one of the scribes of the Westminster Assembly. After some years as rector in Middlesex and Wiltshire, he died in 1660. He is chiefly known from his controversial tracts, entitled The Grand Debate between Presbytery and Independency(Lond. 1652).