Buda, Council of

Buda, Council Of

(Concilium Budense). Buda, or Ofen, is the capital of Lower Hungary, on the west bank of the Danube.

I. A council was held here September 14, 1279, by Philip, bishop of Fermo, legate of the holy see. Sixty-nine canons were published, containing much the same regulations as others drawn up about that time, and showing that the churches of Hungary and Poland were in great disorder. Eight of these canons relate to the dress and conduct of the clergy. The ninth forbids the clergy to sentence any olne to corporal punishment, or to be present at the trial of capital causes.

The thirteenth relates to the proper reverence. to be observed during divine service; orders all clerks, whenever they pass the altar, the image of the Virgin, or the crucifix, and whenever they enter the choir for the holy office, to bow their heads; also forbids priests to sing the hours without their surplices.

The sixteenth orders that all beneficed clergymen, having the care of souls, shall reside and discharge their duties in person, and not by a curate.

The nineteenth relates to the attendance of all persons who have been cited at synods, and the proper vestments of the prelates present there.

The twenty-second declares that it is not to be suffered that any one should serve at the altar or read the epistle without a surplice and cassock.

The twenty-eighth declares that those persons only are to be admitted to preach who have either the pope's or the bishop's license. Also treats of questors.

The fifty-eighth excommunicated those secular powers which forbade appeals to the holy see.

It is also ordered that all the faithful should hear divine service, and especially mass, every Sunday and holy-day in their own parish, and should not wander to any other Church. See Labbe, Concil. 11:1071.

II. In 1309 cardinal Gentili held a council at Buda.

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