a Methodist Episcopal minister, was born in Elberfeld, Germany, March 13, 1833. He attained marked eminence as a student in his early days; fled his country's military discipline in his nineteenth year and emigrated to America; landed in New York; immediately set out for California, where he was converted, and began with fiery eloquence to proclaim the newly found Saviour. In 1856 he was transferred to the Texas Conference, where he labored faithfully until 1862, when he went to New York city, and served some time in the German mission of Newark, N.J. In 1866 he accepted a call to the pastorate of the Second German Presbyterian Church of that city; served it three years, and then returned to the Methodist Episcopal Church and took charge of the First German Church in Philadelphia. About three years later he received a retransfer to the Texas Conference, wherein he taxed his strength too severely, and closed his life and labors August 1, 1872. See Minutes of Annual Conferences, 1873, page 8.