Bonald, Louis Gabriel Ambroise, Vicomte De

Bonald, Louis Gabriel Ambroise, Vicomte De, one of the principal writers of the ultra-papal party in the Roman Church of this century, was born Oct. 2, 1754, at Monna. After the outbreak of the French Revolution, he showed himself at first attached to the revolutionary ideas, but soon (1791) became one of their most ardent opponents. He therefore emigrated from France in 1791, but returned under the reign of Napoleon, who, in 1808, made him councillor at the University. After the restoration of the Bourbons, he was for some time the leader of the ultramontane party in the Chamber of Deputies. He was made, in 1823, a peer of France; in 1830, after the revolution of July, he retired from political life, and died at Monna, Nov. 23, 1840. Among his works, the following are prized by his adherents as the most important:

1. Thiorie du pouvoir politique et relqgeux (Paris, 1796, 3 vols.) 2. Legislation primitive (Paris, 1802, 3 vols.): 3. Recherches philosophiques sur les premiers objets de connaissances morales (Paris, 1808, 2 vols.).

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