Boaner'ges (Βοανεργές, explained by υἱοὶ βροντῆς, sons of thunder, Mr 3:17), a surname given by Christ to James and John, probably on account of their fervid, impetuous spirit (comp. Lu 9:54, and see Olshausen thereon; see also Mr 9:38; comp. Mt 20:20 sq.). The word boanegyes has greatly perplexed philologists and commentators. It seems agreed that the Greek term does not correctly represent the original Syro- Chaldee word, although it is disputed what that word was. (See Gurlitt, Ueb. d. Bedeutung d. Benamens βοανεργές, in the Theol. Stud. u. Krit. 1829, 4:715 sq.; Jungendres, Etymon. voc. Nouv., Norimb. 1748.) It is probably for בָּיָּנאּרגֶוֹ, Boyani 'Regets', a Galilean pronunciation of בּנֵי רגִז, Beney'Regaz', " sons of commotion," or of בּנֵי רֶגֶשׁ, Beney'-Re'gesh, "sons of tumult." SEE JAMES; SEE JOHN.