Bibliander, Theodore, a Swiss divine of the Reformation period, whose proper name was Buchmann. He was born in Thurgau about 1500. After studying theology he became assistant to Myconius at Zurich, and afterward, in 1532, professor of theology and Biblical literature. He died of the plague at Zurich in 1564. He was eminent especially for Hebrew and Oriental learning. He was the only Swiss divine who openly and strenuously opposed Calvinism, and for this he was dismissed from his office in 1560.' His chief work is Machumetis Saracenorumpriacipis ejusque successorum vitce, doctrinac ipse Alcoran, etc. (Basil. 1543, fol.), a Latin version of the Koran, with a number of valuable documents on Mohammedanism. Together with Pellican and Collin, he completed and edited the so-called Zurich Bible Translation of Leo Judae. Many of his numerous works have never been printed, but are preserved as manuscripts in the library of the cathedral of Zurich.-Meusel, Bibliotheca historica, ii, 1, 226 sq.; Hoefer, Biog. Generale, v, 938.