Bautain, Louis, Eugene Marie, Dd
Bautain, Louis, Eugene Marie, D.D., a French philosopher and theologian, was born in Paris, Feb. 17, 1796. At the Ecole Normale he adopted the views of Cousin, and in 1816 was called to the chair of philosophy in the University of Strasburg. In 1828 he took orders, and resigned his chair in the university. He still remained at Strasburg, however, for a number of years delivering lectures; and in 1849 he set out for Paris as vicar of the diocese. In 1853 he was made professor of moral theology at Paris, and held that post until his death, Oct. 18, 1867. In philosophy he was a scholastic of the Anselmic school, but in theology he showed Hegelian tendencies. Among his works the most important are, Philosophie du Christianisme (1833): Psychologie Experimentale (1839; new ed. entitled Esprit Humzain et ses Facultes, 1859 ): — Philosophie Morale (1842): — Conferences sur la Religion et la Liberte (1848): — and La Morale de l'Evangile Comparee aux Divers Systemes de Morale (1855). For others see Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.; Lichtenberger, Encycyclopedie des Sciences Religieuses, s.v.