Barzena, Alfonso, a Spanish Jesuit, surnamed "the Apostle of Peru," was born in 1528 at Cordova. He was a disciple of John of Avila, and went to Peru. He acquired the languages of Tucuman and of Paraguay, and devoted his life to the instruction of the natives. He died at Cuzco in January, 1598. Besides his Catechisms and some small ascetic treatises, he wrote, Lexica et Prcecepta Grammatica, item Liber Confessionis et Precum, in quinque Indorum Linguis, quaerum Usus per Aericam Australem, nempe Puguinica, Tenocotica, Catamarcana, Guaranica, Natixana, sive Moguazana (Lima, 1590), a very rare book, reputed to be the first published in Peru. See Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.