Barruel, Augustin De
Barruel, Augustin De a learned French Jesuit, was born Oct. 2, 1741, at Villeneuve-de -Berg, near Viviers. After assisting Freron in the publication of L'Annee Litterainre. he edited the Journal Ecclesiastique until August, 1792. He then went to England, where he published a work against the French Revolution, entitled Menoires sur Jacobinisme, which was prohibited in France. After the Revolution, Nov. 9, 1799, abbe Barruel desired to return to France. and July 8, 1800, he circulated about Paris a tract warmly recommendinug fidelity to the consular government. This writing gained for him the favor of the First Consul, who, in order to recompense him, appointed him canon of the Cathedral of Paris. In 1803 he published, in two large volurties, an apology for the Concordat, entitled De L'Autorite du Pape, which was violently attacked by abbe Blanchard in three successive articles. Barruel died at Paris, Oct. 5, 1820. His principal-works are, Ode sur le. Glorieux Avenenzent de Louis-Auguste (Louis XVI) (1774): — Le Patriote Veiidique, ou Discours sur les Vraies Causes de la Revolution (1789):Collection Ecclesiastique, ou Recueil Complet des Ouvrages faits depuis l'Ouvertu-re des Etats - Genesaux, relativement au Clerge (1791-92): — Histoire du Clerge de France pendant la Revolution- (1794, 1804.): — Memoires pour servir a l'Histoire du Jacobinisme (1797, 1803). These. various works, all directed against the Revolution, were marred by exaggeration and harsh criticism. See Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.; Winer, Handbuch der theol. Lit. i, 468, 818; Lichtenberger, Encyclopedie des Sciences Religieuses, s.v.